What therapies are available for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis?
Treatment options for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis are many. A pulmonologist should first confirm the diagnosis using a CT scan of the chest, blood tests, spirometry (lung function testing), and bronchoscopy. To measure functional status, a six-minute walk test is employed. If a person is having trouble breathing, they are given home-based oxygen therapy. Pulmonary rehabilitation is an important part of therapy since it improves functional status. Breathing exercises, diet, occupational training, and psychological assistance are all required for the patient’s well-being.
Medication includes drugs like:
- Nintedanib and
- pirfenidone which are anti-fibrotic.
Pirfenidone is the medication I’d want to promote. They do not cure fibrosis, but they can slow it down.
Following the start of treatment, liver and kidney function tests must be monitored on a regular basis. Acute exacerbation (worsening of the condition) should be treated in a hospital. Lung transplantation is the final choice of therapy, which is carried out at various centres across the world.
Many experimental medications, such as stem cell therapy and biologicals, are being developed.
The treatment of the illness, which may be stressful for the person, involves the aid of specialists and family members.